LOCATION-Canada is on the continent of North America.
-The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
-The Arctic Ocean is north and the United States is south.
-Canada is north of the 49th parallel of latitude.
-The 49th parallel was chosen as a border from the Great Lakes to the west coast.
FACTS-second-largest country in the world (Russian Federation is the largest)
-ten provinces and three territories (capital cities are in brackets).
-capital city of Canada - Ottawa (Ontario)
-leader of Canada - Prime Minister Stephen Harper
-Governor General of Canada - MichaŽlle Jean
-emblem - maple leaf
-flag - red and white with a red maple leaf
-Canada's birthday is on the first of July.
-animal - the beaver
-motto - "From sea to sea"
-national anthem - "O Canada"
-RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) - the national police force
-there are six time zones
THE PEOPLE-population 32,270,500 (2005)
-Most of the people live in the southern part of Canada.
-About 77 percent of Canadians live in cities and towns.
-The largest cities are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.(2005 population)
-French is spoken by about 6 million people.
-Ethnic groups include British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, North American Indian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
-Canada is the home of over a million Aboriginal people.
LAND AND WATER-Canada has the world's longest coastline.
-Nearly one-fourth of all the fresh water in the world is in Canada.
-Glaciers shaped the land and created many lakes (about 2 million lakes).
-The Mackenzie River ( in the N.W.T. ) is the longest river in Canada.
-Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River (from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes).
-Forests cover almost half of Canada.
-Canada has one-tenth of the world's forests.
-Mount Logan in the Yukon Territory is Canada's tallest peak at 5,959 metres.
GEOGRAPHY-Canada has six main geographical regions:
HISTORY-The first people were the Aboriginal people.
-Explorers and settlers from Western Europe arrived in the 1500s.
-Canada was named by the French explorer Jacques Cartier (1535).
-The name "Canada" comes from the Huron and Iroquois word "Kanata" meaning "village".
-Canada became a country on July 1st, 1867.
-The first provinces were Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec.
-The first prime minister was Sir John A. Macdonald.
RESOURCES-Forests, plants, animals and fish are some of Canada's renewable resources.
-Renewable resources can be replaced by nature.
-Minerals, metal, natural gas, and oil are some of Canada's nonrenewable resources.
-They cannot be replaced by nature.
-Hydro-electric power is sold to the United States.
-There are many different types of farms in Canada:
Parks were created to protect the forests, plants and wildlife.
-The oldest National Park is Banff in Alberta. It was created in 1885 as Rocky Mountain Park.
EXPORTS- motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
TRANSPORTATION-The main highway system (completed in 1962) is called the Trans-Canada Highway.
-It goes from St. John's NFLD to Victoria, B.C.
-The highway is 7 604 kilometres long.
-It is the longest national highway in the world.
-The two main freight railway systems are the Canadian National
and the Canadian Pacific Railway.
-In 1937 Bombardier invented the first snowmobile.
GOVERNMENT-democratic system of government
-Parliament of Canada is in Ottawa, Ontario
-Parliament consists of House of Commons (elected) and Senate (appointed)
-Prime Minister - Stephen Harper (leader of the Conservative Party)
SPORTS-Hockey is the national sport of Canada.
-Canadians also swim, ski, golf, curl, ride horses, play baseball, football, soccer, tennis, and lacrosse.
-The native people of Canada invented the game of lacrosse